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             GARDINERS CREEK
             VALLEY                                             Glen Iris, Victoria 3146
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Gardiners Creek Indigenous Plant List

    The vegetation community along Gardiners Creek and Back Creek is primarily Floodplain Riparian Woodland with a handful of plants more normally associated with adjacent vegetation communities such as Plains Grassy Woodland. These vegetation communities are classified as ....

    • EVC 56   Floodplain Riparian Woodland - riverbanks with quaternary low level alluvium
    • EVC 55   Plains Grassy Woodland - areas away from creekbanks and floodplain
    • Acacia dealbata (Silver Wattle) MIMOSACEAE

    • Variable tree from 8 metres to 30 metres in height. Cream ball flowers in Spring. Prefers deep moist soil.

    •   Acacia implexa (Lightwood) MIMOSACEAE

    • Small to medium tree, height to 12 metres, Cream ball-shaped flowers in Summer. Tolerates wet and dry well drained clay soil. Very hardy.

    • Acacia mearnsii  (Black Wattle) MIMOSACEAE
      Medium tree, height to 10 metres, Cream ball-shaped flowers in Spring. Prefers well drained soils. Very hardy. Fast growing.
       
    • Acacia melanoxylon  (Blackwood) MIMOSACEAE

    • Medium tree, 12-15 metres in height. Cream ball-shaped flowers in Spring. Prefers deep moist soil but adaptable to dry conditions once established.

      Small to medium shrub. 1-3m x 1-2m. Cream to yellow ball flowers fom July to October. Most soil types.

    • Acacia paradoxa (Prickly Hedge Wattle or Kangaroo Thorn) MIMOSACEAE

    • Spreading prickly shrub to 2-3 metres high by 3-4 metres across. Yellow ball flowers in Spring. Suits most situations.

    • Acacia pycnantha  (Golden Wattle) MIMOSACEAE

    • Medium shrub to small tree. Golden ball-shaped flowers in Spring. Well drained soils. Australia's floral emblem.
    • Acacia verticillata  (Prickly Moses) MIMOSACEAE

    • Shrub, variable in height from 1 to 5 metres. Pale yellow flowers in short spikes.  Withstands waterlogging.
       
    • Acaena novae-zeandiae (Bidgee-widgee) ROSACEAE

    • Groundcover 40cm x 70cm. greenish-white flowers on stalks. Propagate from cuttings, seed or division. Tolerates poor drainage as well as drier soils.

    • Allocassuarina littoralis (Black She Oak) CASUARINACEAE

    • Small tree to 10 metres. Dioecious plant. Female flowers are red or crimson on branches. Male flowers are dark brown at ends of branches. Hardy in most soils. May not like waterlogged conditions. Propagates from seed.

    • Arthropodium strictum (Chocolate Lily) LILIACEAE

    • Small tufted plant. 0.2-1m x 0.2-0.8m. Violet flowers on stems above foliage in Spring and Summer. Propagate from seed or by division. Germinate seed below 20C. Needs well-drained soils. 
       
    • Austrodanthonia fulva (Leafy Wallaby Grass) POACEAE

    • more robust than Austrodanthia linkii.
       
    • Austrodanthonia linkii (Common Wallaby Grass) POACEAE

    • for heavier soils. 
       
    • Austrodanthonia setacea (Bristly Wallaby Grass) POACEAE
    • Banksia marginata (Silver Banksia) PROTEACEAE

    • large shrub or small tree to 5 metres in height. Leaves are silver on the undersides. For areas above creek banks. Prefers good drainage. Propagate from seed.

    • Brachscome multifida ASTERACEAE

    • small groundcover with lilac flowers in spring and summer. Propagates from cuttings. Needs a sunny, reasonably well drained site.

    • Bracteantha viscosa (Golden Everlasting Daisy) ASTERACEAE

    • short lived perennial or annual with height to 70cm and yellow flowers in Spring and Summer. For areas above creek banks. Prefers well drained soils. Propagate from seed or cuttings.
    • Bulbine bulbosa Bulbine bulbosa (Yellow Bulbine Lily) LILIACEAE

    • Small bulbous plant with succulent linear leaves to 40cm. Bears yellow flowers in Spring and early Summer. Propagate from seed or by division. Moist well-drained soils.

    • Bursaria spinosa  (Sweet Bursaria) PITTOSPORACEAE

    • Medium shrub, height to 3 metres or sometimes higher. White flowers in late Spring and Summer. Very Hardy. Prickly spines on stems. Well drained soils. Propagate from seed. 

    • Callistemon sieberi (River Bottle Brush) MYRTACEAE

    • Medium shrub, height to 3 metres. Cream (or sometimes pale pink) flowers from late Spring to Autumn. Prefers wet to moist heavy clay soils but tolerates dryness once established. Very hardy. Propagation is usually from seed but can be by cuttings. Germinate seed below 24C. 
       
    • Carex appressa (Tall Sedge) CYPERACEAE

    • Water plant with tufted form and triangular solid stems. Needs ample moisture and tolerates innundation. Propagate by division. 
       
    • Carex tereticaulis (Rush Sedge) CYPERACEAE

    • Water plant with tufted form and hollow stems. Moist soils, tolerates innundation. 

    • Carpobrotus modestus (Inland Pigface) 
    •  
    • Cassinia aculeata (Common Cassinia) ASTERACEAE

    • Shrub 3m x 2m. Small white flowers from November to March. Propagate from cuttings or seed. Heavy moist well-drained soil.
       
    • Cassinia arcuata (Drooping Cassinia) ASTERACEAE  

    • Shrub 2m x 1m. Pale brown flowers from November to February. Propagate from cuttings or seed. Well-drained soil. 

    • Chrysocephalum apiculatum (Common Everlasting) ASTERACEAE 

    • Yellow flowers. Well drained soils. Propagate from seed.
       
    • Chrysocephalum semipapposum (Clustered Everlasting) ASTERACEAE

    • Yellow flowers in late Spring and Summer. Moist to dry soils. Propagate from seed.
       
    • Clematis microphylla var. microphylla RANUNCULACEAE 

    • Climber or trailer. Cream star-shaped flowers from July to November. Well drained soils. 
       
    • Coprosma quadrifida (Prickly Coprosma) RUBIACEAE

    • Shrub 2-4m x 0.5-1.5m. Moist well-drained sheltered position.

    • Correa reflexa (Native Fushcia) RUTACEAE

    • Variable shrub between 1.5 metres and 50cm in height. Light green bell flowers or sometimes red flowers with yellow tips, flowering in winter. Hardy in well drained soils. Prefers full to three-quarter sun.
       
    • Correa glabra (Rock Correa)   RUTACEAE

    • Rounded shrub to 2.5 metres high and 2 metres in diameter. Green bell shaped flowers in winter. Propagate from cutings. Needs well drained soil in half shade.
       
    • Craspedia varabilis (Common Billy Buttons) ASTERACEAE 

    • Small daisy to 30cm x 30cm. Round yellow flowers on stalks in late Spring. Full sun, moist soil. Drought tolerant. Accepts semi-shade.
       
    • Dianella longifolia  (Pale-anther Flax Lily) LILIACEAE

    • Small rockery plant with blue flowers. Propagate from seed or by division. Germinate seed below 20C. Moist well-drained soils. 
       
    • Dichelachene crinita (Long Hair Plume Grass) POACEAE 

    • Well drained soils.
       
    • Dodonaea viscosa ssp cuneata (Wedge Leaf Hop Bush) SAPINDACEAE 

    • Medium shrub, height to 5 metres. Well drained soil. Very hardy.
Dioecious plant.
      Propagate from cuttings or seed. 
    • Eucalyptus camaldulensis (River Red Gum) MYRTACEAE

    • Large tree suitable for creek banks. Deep alluvial soils, tolerates innundation and dryness once established.
       
    • Eucalyptus melliodora (Yellow Box) MYRTACEAE 

    • Medium to tall spreading tree, height to 30 metres. Very hardy in most soils but sometimes a slow starter. Prefers well drained loams and alluvial soils. 
       
    • Eucalyptus ovata (Swap Gum) MYRTACEAE  

    • Large tree. Moist soils tolerating innundation. 
       
    • Eucalyptus viminalis (Manna Gum) MYRTACEAE 

    • Large tree to 40 metres in height. Grows in a variety of soil types. Grows taller in moist deep loam soils. 
    • Geranium retorsum, Geranium solanderi (Naked Cranes's Bill, Austral Cranes Bill) GERANIACEAE 

    • Small plant prefering shade. 

    • Goodenia ovata  (Hop Goodenia) GOODENIACEAE 

    • Shrubby species which may reach 1.5 metres in height and 60cm across.Large yellow flowers in Sping and Summer. Prefers some shade. Tolerates waterlogging. Propagate from Cuttings. 
         
    • Gynatrix pulchella  (Hemp Bush) MALVACEAE 

    • 2-4m x 1.5-3m. Open woody shrub. Small greenish white flowers in Spring. Propagate from seed or cuttings. Well drained moist soil. 
       
    • Hakea nodosa PROTEACEAE 

    • Medium shrub 1-3m x 1-2m. For areas above creek banks. Small yellow flowers between April and August. Propagate from seed or cuttings. Tolerates poor drainage but will also grow in dry conditions.

    • Hakea serica PROTEACEAE

    • Medium prickly shrub 2-5m x 1-3m.  White flowers from May to September. Adapts to most soils. Propagate from seed or cuttings.

    • Hardenbergia violaceae  (Purple Coral Pea) FABACEAE   - climber or trailer. Purple flowers in late Winter and Spring. Needs well drained soil.
    • Hymenanthera dentata (Tree Violet) VIOLACEAE  - Shrub 2m x 1m. Small cream bell-shaped flowers on stems in Spring. Propagate from seed or cuttings. Suits most soils.
    • Indigofera australis (Austral Indigo) FABACEAE 

    • Medium shrub, height to 2 metres. Purple flowers in Spring. Hardy, very frost-hardy. Doesn't like wet ground. Propagate from scarified seed. 

    • Juncus sp.
    • Juncus pallidus  (Pale Rush) JUNCACEAE

    • Rush like grass for edges of wetter areas. Suitable for natural depressions in the ground. Periodic inundation required for optimum growth. Can propagate by division or from seed.

    • Kennedia prostrata (Running Postman) FABACEAE  

    • Prostrate plant with scarlet flowers in Spring and early Summer. Prefers a well-drained position. Plant at 1.5 metre centres. For areas above creek banks. Propagate from seed.

    • Kunzea ericoides (Burgan) MYRTACEAE

    • Large shrub, height to 5 metres. White flowers in Spring and Summer. Very hardy. Will tolerate wet and dry periods.
       
    • Leptospermum lanigerum  (Wooly Teatree) MYRTACEAE

    • Large shrub, height to 3 metres or more. White flowers in early Summer. Very hardy. Moist soils. 
       
    • Leptospermum continentale (Prickly Teatree) MYRTACEAE 

    • Medium Shrub 1-4m x 1-2m. White flowers from October to March. Tolerates most soils.
       
    • Leptospermum obovatum (River Teatree) MYRTACEAE

    • Erect shrub to 3m high by 1.5 metres across. Creamy white flowers from November to January. Propagate from seed or cuttings. Very hardy. Moist soils.
       
    • Lomandra longifolia (Spiny-headed Mat-rush) XANTHORRHOEACEAE 

    • Small plant suitable for most situations. Propagate from seed. 

    • Melaluca ericifolia (Swamp Paperbark) MYRTACEAE  

    • Large shrub, height to 4 metres or more. Cream brush shaped flowers in Summer. Sometimes suckers or self-seeds. Very hardy and fast-growing. Moist or wet fertile soils. Tolerates dry conditions once established. Propagate from seed. Germinate seed below 24C.

    • Microlaena stipoides (Weeping Grass) POACEAE

    • Moist, well drained soils. 
       
    • Microseris lanceolata (Murnong or Yam daisy) ASTERACEAE
    • Olearia lirata  (Snow Daisy Bush) ASTERACEAE  

    • Medium shrub to about 2.5 metres in height with white flowers. Can be cut back quite hard. Propagates from seeed or cuttings. Needs a moist shaded position with good drainage. 
    • Olearia ramulosa  (Twiggy Daisy-bush) ASTERACEAE  

    • Small shrub between 60cm and 1.5 metres in height. White or blue flowers in Spring and Summer. Understory position prefering moist but well-drained soil. Propagates from cuttings. 
       
    • Ozothamnus ferrugineus  (Tree Everlasting) ASTERACEAE

    • Shrub. 2-6m x 1-3m. White flowers in summer. Propagate from seed or cuttings. Moist well drained soil.

    • Platilobium obtusangulum (Common Flat Pea) FABACEAE  

    • Small shrub, height to 1 metre, Yellow and red pea flowers in Spring. More difficult to propagate and establish in open areas. For areas above creek banks.
       
    • Poa ensiformis  (Purple Sheath Tussock Grass) POACEAE 

    • Tussock grass for areas adjacent to the creek. Moist shaded sites.
       
    • Poa labillardieri   (Common Tussock Grass) POACEAE

    • Tussock forming grass to 80cm in height. Moist or slightly dry sites. 
       
    • Pomaderris aspera (Hazel Pomaderris) RHAMNACEAE

    • Erect open shrub to 3 metres in height. Yellow-green flowers in sprays in late Spring to early Summer.  Requires a moist well drained soil with a high humus content. Progagate from seed and cuttings.
       
    • Prostanthera lasianthos  (Victorian Christmas Bush) LAMIACEAE 

    • Shrub. 2-8m x 2-5m.  White flowers with spots of orange and purple in Summer. Propagate from cuttings or fresh seed. Moist well-drained loam soil. 
       
    • Pteridium esculentum (Austral Bracken) DENNSTAEDTIACEAE

    • A spreading fern suited to moist or dry soils.
       
    • Pultenea gunni (Golden Bush Pea) FABACEAE  

    • Shrub 0.5-1.5m x 0.5m. Yellow-orange and dark red flowers in Spring. Propagate from scarified seed or cuttings. Well-drained soil.
       
    • Pycnosorus chrysanthes (Golden Billy-Button) ASTERACEAE
    • Rapanea howittana (Muttonwood) MYRSINACEAE

    • Small Tree. 3-10m x 2-4m. Screening plant for shaded areas. Small greenish flowers on older wood. Prapogate from cuttings or fresh seed. Moist well-drained soil.

    • Solanum laciniatum  (Large Kangaroo Apple) SOLANACEAE 

    • Large spreading shrub to 4 metres in height by 5 metres in width. Purple flowers in Spring and Summer. Egg shaped orange to yellow fruit. Propagation from seed or cuttings. Very hardy plant in all aspects. Very fast growing and self seeding. 
       
    • Spyridium parvifolium RHAMNACEAE

    • Shrub, 1-3m x 1-2m. Small white flowers from July to November. Propagate from seed or cuttings. Well drained soils.
       
    • Stylidium graminifolium (Grass Trigger-plant) STYLIDIACEAE 

    • Small tufted plant with pink flowers on stems. Moist well drained soils. Propagate from seed.
       
    • Themeda triandra (Kangaroo Grass) POACEAE 

    • Soil should not remain wet. Propagate from seed.
       
    • Viminaria juncea (Golden Spray) FABACEAE 

    • Small tree or tall shrub, up to 5m high x 2m wide. Sprays of yellow pea flowers in Spring and Summer. Weeping habit is useful adjacent to pools of water. Needs damp soil and preferably full sun. Will adapt to swampy ground. Propagates from scarified seed. 
       
    • Wahlenbergia communis (Tufted Bluebell) CAMPANULACEAE

    • small herbaceous plant with blue flowers between November and May. Moist well drained soils. Propagate from seed, stratification (refrigeration) of seed aids germination.